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    all yr: 2012-now          FOS in NY
    2016 celebrate birding 10 year anniversary - 決志:  矢志不渝 、堅定不移地 進行觀鳥, 成為一生一世的嗜好, 天長地久的興趣.
    2016 (Jan-Jul): Mexico (4/7)
    2015 (8/14-): Curacao / HK
    2015 (Jan-8/8) log: South Carolina / Seattle
    2014 log: Jamaica / Canadian Rockies / Curacao
    2013 log (New Orleans, Costa Maya, Belize City, Roatan, & Cozumel, HK)        
    2012 (after Hurricane Sandy) log  
    2012 (Jul-before Hurricane Sandy) log  (Netherlands, UK, Scotland, Norway, Denmark) (birdList.b4_split2_b_and_c.htm)   
    2012 (Jan-Jun) log  (Costa Rica)  
    2011 log  (HK, Punta Cana
    2010 log  ( 1. Mar. Caribbean Cruise : Fort Lauderdale / Cozumel, Mexico ; 2. Nov. Caribbean Cruise : Puerto Rico / Half Moon Cay ) 
    2009 log  (Las Vegas; HK, Mainland China and Taiwan)  
    2008 log  (South Caribbean Cruise - Puerto Rico, St. Thomas, St. Kitts, Grenada, Bonaire & Aruba; Toronto; Palm Beach, Florida)   
    Photo and Video @ Punta Cana    pic01.htm  others   HK trips
    Note on Dragonfly and Damselfly   my insect spider list    Macro   butterflyMoth.htm   frog   kissena_rare_encounter.htm    Postings of NY Birding List
    Favorites in 2013   Favorites in 2012   Favorites in 2011  
    Bees   Wasps   Cricket   myInventory   myNationalPark.htm
    Costa Rica info   Costa Rica, 2012 - Photo    costa_rica_mybirdlist.htm
    Birding in Shetland Islands     Norway cruise     pc_stuff.htm    Google Voice    t-mobile (6/2014)   多部未华子   Don't vote Senator Gillibrand in 11/2018!   cull_CanadaGeese_at_JBWR.htm
    samsung_s3600.note01.htm   smart_phone.htm   http://www.nycgovparks.org/news/notices   Biblical_problems_caused_by_translation.htm   translation resource
    how_can_i_make_a_very_sharp_phot.htm   flash_wont_sync_in_slave_mode.htm   Camera/Camcorder for birding   cam4underwater   infrared_photography.htm
    snorkeling  
    comet_PANSTARRS.htm    Jamaica_bird.htm   2015plus_jamaica_trips.htm   Glacier   Hay fever   Glacier & Canadian Rockies  
    Curacao-1   Curacao-2   Bermuda   Cancun
    Cuba [mirrorEthiopia [Rockjumper's standard tours (as we classify this PNG tour) are aimed at the keen birder who wants to see as many birds and as much wildlife as possible without extreme effort or arduous hours in the field i.e. the average birder. src]
    South Carolina   Seattle
    Lead Adventures 3-Week Galapagos program - doc  
    Quito - Monastery of San Francisco - pic1  quito.htm
    List of whale and dolphin species        List of birds of HK
    全膝關節置換術 (TKA)   飛蚊症

Vanessa's Delights Omega-3 Mix contains Omega-3 Fortified Cranberries, Roasted Almonds, Walnuts, Pecans, Raw Pistachios, and Pepitas (Pumpkin Seeds).   Other brands: thenutbox.com (has retail stores in NYC)


Labor Day weekend - Rockaway Beach (1Beach 59th St.) ; Sep. - Gulls feeding on ant swarms
Summer (August) is a good time to visit Rockefeller State Park, Valhalla, NY - at the lake/pond, many dragonflies & damselflies.
Winter birding in NYC
late Feb / early March:  Ring-billed Gulls, when they have shed their streaky winter plumage and have gleaming white feathers, a bright orange orbital ring and a bright orange gape, are pretty dang-dooddilly-delightful.  src
   may be also for other gulls (e.g., Great Black-backed Gull - <1> on 2/18/2012)
Early Spring, May: look for Fragile Forktail (Ischnura posita), Eastern Forktail & other dragonflies/damselflies emerges from its nympahal skin (exuvia) to commence the aerial portion of its life   src
ebird bird account 2012 up to 5/8 
detailed map of East Pond   Mirror 
excellent information on Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge - http://www.nycaudubon.org/queens-birding/jamaica-bay-wildlife-refuge 
Ranger Ryan JBWR plant    Dragonfly-Damselfly-Queens-Brooklyn
Oceanside: Peregrine Falcon & Swallows fledging (late May /early June), Osprey fledging (June), dragonflies (July), Clapper Rail babies (July?)   http://mnsa.info/cam/Cam.htm
"3/31/2013 - Queens, New York City: I visited Breezy Point today to do some spring shorebird reconnaissance and had the following notables: Piping plover (3), eastern phoebes (2), my first-of-the-season American oystercatchers (17), sanderling (240), and dunlins (3). In a first for me at Breezy Tip, I had killdeer (5) roaming around where there used to be dunes. Out on the ocean, a handful of northern gannets were seen, all adults. No massive staging of waterfowl, with only a smattering of long-tailed ducks."  - Andrew Baksh   src
QCC Nature-on-Campus BLOG : 2015 February 16 ... Pelham Bay Park (Bronx, NY) "Superb Owl" walk led by David Burg. The walk was on, you guessed it, Super Bowl Sunday. ....; 2. Great Horned Owl in tree cavity; 3. a second Great Horned Owl in the distance; 4. a Killdeer on the beach ...
    Golden Pond at Crocheron Park, Bayside, NY 11361 - QCC Blog   map   direction: Take I-295 N/Clearview Expy to 35th Ave. Turn right onto 35th Ave.

Enterprise Park at Calverton (EPCAL) 


2016 May 9 - A transit of Mercury will occur. Full transit will be visible in South America, Eastern North America, ... 
September 1, 2016 - Annular Solar Eclipse will be visible from central Africa, Madagascar and locations from the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. The eclipse will be partial for people in most of Africa.  info-1
不再為中國女排成敗激動?30年間港人的情緒反差
个人认为根本问题还是在于经济层面,若是单纯讲民主落实的问题,恐怕大陆民众要比香港人100倍地反共反政府,而事实是,大陆民众整体上虽然不见得拥护共产党当局,但是也认可其在改善民众经济状况上的成就,没有出现严重的对抗情绪。再看新加坡,典型的威权政府,远不及香港自由,但是因为经济建设得到民众的认可,民众对政府的认可度就很高。
香港回归以后,随着内地经济的崛起,逐渐失去了国家最主要的对外经济门户的比较优势,红利大大减少;同时因为统一,香港企业进入内地市场更为容易,导致香港实业日益空心化;又由于大陆经济的发展,过剩的大陆资本也大量涌入香港,导致房地产等等持续上涨,民众生活成本高涨;而此时富裕起来的大陆游客又大量涌入香港,从而严重挤压了本地居民的生存空间,推高各项生活成本;而香港经济始终把持在少数寡头资本家手中,各项经济红利大部分都被大资本家所吸收,政府的各项政策也并没有能够改变香港中下层民众的经济境遇,本地民众最直观感受到的却是来自大陆方面的越来越强烈的生存压迫感,此时本土意识崛起,对大陆事物的各种仇视就顺理成章了。
不是说政治民主进程不重要,而是说经济是根本,大陆现在担心的是,香港现实的经济状况,倘若完全自由化,恐怕最终会使香港民众的这种离心力失去控制,造成难以预见的政治灾难。想想现在的台湾,空有一句纸面上的民主,事实上确实烂到骨子里的政治生态,很难讲是一件好事。
所以现在一者要展现出同香港民众对话的诚意,二者是要努力改变香港中底层民众经济境况乃至拓展香港的生存空间。
其实没有人不愿意热爱自己的祖国,只是太多时候,怨念多了,得不到释放,就变成恨了。

香港
如來神掌 (5+2)  |  投奔怒海 (1982年)  |  少女日記 (1984) - 吳美枝 鄧浩光  |  倚天屠龍記之魔教教主 (1993)

日本
哥斯拉 (1954)  |  摩斯拉 (1961)  | 

USA
Species (1995)  | Godzilla (1998)  | 

List of films featuring giant monsters  


玲瓏公主  |  璇璣公主  |   秦般弱 |   雋娘  |   宮羽  |  小新  |   琴兒?


1 time birding permits for Ft. Tilden/Breezy Point:
I asked Rita Mullally, the person in charge here at Floyd Bennett Field, and she said to contact Jennifer Bethea. Jennifer has been out for a week or so. Feel free to email
     
rita_mullally AT nps.gov         and/or 
     jennifer_bethea AT nps.gov

Ranger John Tebbetts ( john_tebbetts AT nps.gov )

絕滅物種   《海街女孩日記》  
公民投票 (Referendum - (in some countries synonymous with a plebiscite  — or a vote on a ballot question))
黃洋達細說公投制憲的源起

      我们习惯通过婚姻的稳定性和持久性,来评估婚姻的质量,而让婚姻保持稳定、持久的往往不是爱情,而恰恰是经济、文化、宗教等等非常现实的因素,现实是不浪漫的,世人总是歌颂浪漫的爱情,而不会赞扬现实的婚姻,事实上,很多时候,现实的婚姻是被批判的。

       人类的矛盾在于总想将现实的婚姻和浪漫的爱情统一在一起,但理智告诉我们,这种可能真的非常渺小,因为即便以爱的名义走进婚姻的恋人,最终要面对和处理的是生活,不是爱情,而生活本来就是现实的,婚姻和爱情本来就是两码事,它们之间可以转换、可以过渡,唯独不能统一。于是,我们发现在那些保守的国度中,婚姻非常牢靠,但爱情却很稀有,因为在那里,两个人的结合本来就是冲着稳固婚姻去的,而在开放的国度中,爱情遍地开花,离婚率却高的离谱,因为以爱结合的恋人一旦无法适应婚后的现实,婚姻就将会破碎。

https://movie.douban.com/review/7823242/  


Honey-bee colony collapse disorder (CCD)

Seed coating with a neonicotinoid insecticide negatively affects wild bees
... the key question is how neonicotinoids influence bees, and wild bees in particular, in real-world agricultural landscapes11, 12, 13. Here we show that a commonly used insecticide seed coating in a flowering crop can have serious consequences for wild bees. In a study with replicated and matched landscapes, we found that seed coating with Elado, an insecticide containing a combination of the neonicotinoid clothianidin and the non-systemic pyrethroid β-cyfluthrin, applied to oilseed rape seeds, reduced wild bee density, solitary bee nesting, and bumblebee colony growth and reproduction under field conditions. Hence, such insecticidal use can pose a substantial risk to wild bees in agricultural landscapes, and the contribution of pesticides to the global decline of wild bees1, 2, 3 may have been underestimated. 


High Dynamic Range

Post-processed by HDRsoft Photomatix Pro 5.0.4:
(1) Yellow-crowned Night Heron (6/29/2013) - <1> (cf. OOC jpeg)
(2) Seaside Dragonlet (6/29/2013) -  <1>
(3)
Grasshopper (9/28/2013) - <1>
(4) Periodical Cicada (6/8/2013) -  <1>
(5) Double-crested Cormorant (1/17/2015) - <1>  (no HDR: <1>   <2>)  
(6) 灰喜鵲 (Azure-winged Magpie, Cyanopica cyanus = Cyanopica cyana) - <1> 
(7) Parroquia Catolica de San Jose, a small church at town square of Puerto Morelos

How many birds with common name in USA starting with American? 19.  ref-1  ref-2 


How many duck (inc.  shelducks) species did I see?  And which has not yet?

Confirm (20+): 
     Redhead.  Muscovy Duck.  Wood Duck.  American Wigeon.  Gadwall.  Ruddy Duck.  Bufflehead.  Blue-winged Teal (8/20/2011).  Green-winged Teal.  Hooded Merganser.  Ring-necked Duck (1/2012 at "New Alley Pond").  Shoveler.  Mallard.  American Black Duck.   Domestic Duck. 
     Greater or Lesser Scaup (1/8/2012).   Red-breasted Merganser (1/8/2012, 7/28/2012).  White-winged Scoter (1/8/2012).  
     Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (where and when? 2012 Costa Rica?)  Long-tailed Duck (2/18/2012).   
     Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus; "fox-goose") in the shelduck subfamily Tadorninae (8/24/2012).  
     Muscovy duck (?Kissena Park 2/28/2009 [No, it is the the big Snowy Goose]?, Punta Cana 2011). 
     Horned Grebe (1/8/2012).

Question: Mottled Duck (rare in NYC) in FL or others?  Masked Duck.  Mandarin duck (HK). 

Definitely Not Yet:  (1) Cinnamon Teal (Anas cyanoptera

Note: Mallard call duck - mini mallards breeding for their loud call, to attract mallard's for hunting.


What color is a blue jay?

Animals produce their own melanins. Even humans produce melanins when tanning, which darkens the skin. But the building blocks for carotenoids come from diet. Flamingos get their pink from the color of the shrimp they eat. Deprived of shrimp, the flamingo is white. There are blue pigments in nature. The blue in blueberries is a pigment. Chlorophyll is a green pigment. Yet birds cannot convert these pigments to color their feathers.

Blue and green are oddball colors in the animal kingdom. They are structural colors. In birds, they are caused by microscopic structures in the feather that refract light like a prism. When this light passes through a dark layer of melanin, some wavelengths are filtered out, and the bird looks blue. In Maine, blue jays, indigo buntings and bluebirds all get their color from structure, not pigment. If the light passes through a yellowish pigment, the bird looks green. Most parrots are green because of structural color.

Structural color exists in insects and amphibians, too. The blue morpho is a large tropical butterfly that glows a brilliant blue.

Iridescence is a structural color. Refracted light is why a hummingbird is ruby-throated. It’s why grackles and starlings turn shimmering purple in the sun. It’s why the glossy ibis is glossy. Iridescence is apparent only when the light hits the bird at certain angles. Otherwise, all you see is the dark of the melanin.


Important memory in 2016:
- Visited JBWR 14+ times, more than last year
- Start to log FOS in NY
- Tried underwater photography
- Tried HDR post-processing
- Visited Breezy Point with $60 fine
- Visited Nickerson Beach and Queens County Farm Museum each more than once
9/24/2016 (Sat)  pm after Dim Sum (after opening accounts at Santander Bank   nerdwallet.com ), very nice weather
Kissena Park

Dragonfly.  Damselflies.  Double-crested Cormorant.  Hummingbird (2+).
9/18/2016 (Sun)  pm
Baisley Pond Park (wiki)

Dragonfly: Blue Dasher mating.  Blue Dasher, female ovipositing.  Eastern Pondhawk, male.
Great Blue Heron. Double-crested Cormorant.  Mute Swan.  Mallard.  Flycatcher.  Song Sparrow?

Photo:
  Blue Dasher mating -
  Blue Dasher, female ovipositing -
  Blue Dasher male -
  Eastern Pondhawk, male -
  Great Blue Heron -
  Double-crested Cormorant -


9/17/2016 (Sat)  am / pm after Dim Sum with Bill, comfortable and nice weather
JBWR (14th visit) / Kissena Park

Osprey eating fish.  Northern Flicker (3).  Finch.  ?Goldfinch, female?  Chipmunk.

Photo:
  Long-horned grasshopper at JBWR East Pond (same species as 9/16/2015 or 9/20/2014 in Kissena Park?) -
  Monarch -
  Prairie Warbler, female - <1>  
  Osprey -
  Waterthrush -
  Cardinal -
  Wren -
  Hummingbird - <1>   <2>   <3>  


9/10/2016 (Sat)  after lunch, hot and humid, feel like 95F, very uncomfortable
Kissena Park

The 4 hybrids (domestic Graylag Goose X Canada Goose).

Photo:
  Grasshopper - <1>  
  Wasp -
  The white hybrid goose -


9/5/2016 (Mon)  after lunch
Kissena Park

Two bees at a water fountain.  One tries to get water out of it.  Great Blue Heron.

9/3/2016 (Sat)  am
JBWR (13th visit) with Frank Ng (10 year ago with him to MD during Labor Day)

Flower Fly.  Goldfinch, M+F.  Ruby-crowned Kinglet. 
9/2/2016 (Fri)  late afternoon
Kissena (Corridor) Park
Butterfly and Wasp Day.

Hummingbird is back.  Ring-necked Pheasant, male.
Wasp:
Butterfly: Skipper.  Yellow.  White.  etc.

Photo:
 


8/27/2016 (Sat)  9-11:30am
JBWR (12th visit)
Cicada Day.

Wasp: possibly Great Black Wasp (Sphex pensylvanicus), like the one on 8/18/2012
Dragonfly.  There is one look like female Great Blue Skimmer. 
Oystercatchers.  Glossy Ibises.  Red-breasted Nuthatch, many good pictures.  Goldfinch, M+F.  Wren, juvenile?

Photo:
  Cicada -
  Dragonfly (Great Blue Skimmer?) - <1>
  Duskywing butterfly? -
  Red-breasted Nuthatch -  <1>   <2>  
  Starling, molting juvenile -
  Cardinal, male -
  Goldfinch -
 

Note: 4/2008 Report : Research Opportunities in the Natural and Social Sciences at the Jamaica Bay Unit of Gateway National Recreation Area by John Waldman


8/20/2016 (Sat) 7:30am-3pm
JBWR (11th visit), with Raymond Wang and his GF
11th Jamaica Bay Shorebird Festival.

Morning walk at North End of East Pond leaded by Kevin T. Karlson:  Red Knot (1), non-breeding plumage.  Black-bellied Plover (a couple of).  Oystercatcher (1).  Glossy Ibis (many).  Cicada.
Afternoon walk at South End of East Pond leaded by Lloyd Spitalnik:  damselfly (a couple of).  Dragonfly (1).  Belted Kingfisher (1).

Photo:
  Cicada - <1>   <1b>   <2>  
  Short-billed Dowitcher -
  Least Sandpiper -
  Semipalmated Sandpiper -
     the poor guy with oil - <1> 
  Yellowlegs -
  Glossy Ibis, juvenile (beak not fully grown yet) -

Note:
 (1) The Linnaean Society Tom Davis Memorial Shorebird Walk was held today at Jamaica Bay.  src
 (2) Glossy Ibis, juvenile vs. adult
 (3) Contrary to popular lore, these annual cicadas are not named after the dog days of summer–or the hottest days of summer.  For that matter, the dog days of summer and the dog day cicadas both get their name from the same place: from the “Dog Star,” Sirius, which is part of the constellation Canis Major (or the Great Dog).  In ancient Egypt, its presence coincided with the flooding of the Nile, and in ancient Greece it marked the hottest part of the summer–the “dog days.”  Due to oddities of the earth’s rotation and calendaring, it now appears in the sky in the winter in the northern hemisphere.    src
 (4) Cicada classificiation:

"Green Tibicen Species"
Collectively, yet informally, referred to as the "Green Tibicen species" (per. comm.), the following cicadas are often difficult to differentiate and all appear to be very closely related. Genitalic analysis of the males suggest these species are very closely related and morphological differences between and among the species are often slight. It is also thought (based on observations) that several of these may be involved in complex hybrid zones; however, more work is needed to substantiate and better understand these observations.
Tibicen canicularis (Harris 1841), "Common or Northern Dog-day Cicada"
Tibicen linnei (Smith & Grossbeck 1907), "Linne's Annual Cicada"
Tibicen pruinosus pruinosus (Say 1825) [syn. T. pruinosa pruinosa], "Scissor(s) Grinder Cicada"
Tibicen pruinosus pruinosus var. fulvus Beamer 1924 [syn. T. pruinosa var. fulva], "Pale Scissor(s) Grinder Cicada"
Tibicen winnemanna (Davis 1912) [syn. T. pruinosa winnemanna],"Eastern Scissor(s) Grinder Cicada"
Tibicen winnemanna (Davis 1912) [syn. T. pruinosa winnemanna akin to f. fulva],"Pale Eastern Scissor(s) Grinder Cicada"
Tibicen latifasciatus (Davis 1915) [syn. T. pruinosa latifaciata], "Coastal Scissor(s) Grinder Cicada"
Tibicen robinsonianus Davis1922, "Robinson's Annual Cicada"
Tibicen robinsonianus - "Canadian subgroup"
Tibicen sp. "HYBRIDS"?

 


8/8/2016 (Mon) late afternoon on the way to home
Judge Moses Weinstein Playground

Cicada Killer, probably female.
8/6/2016 (Sat) 7am - 11:30am
Nickerson Beach / JBWR (10th visit)

There are still a lot juvenile Skimmers. 

Photo:
  Skimmer - 
  Oystercatcher -  
  Common Tern - 
  Least Tern - 
  Forster Tern -
  Sanderling -
  Ruddy Turnstone -
  Piping Plover -
  Semipalmated Plover -
  Cicada -
  a black wasp - 
  hornet? -