2014 log: Jamaica
/ Canadian Rockies / Curacao
2013 log (New Orleans, Costa Maya, Belize City, Roatan, & Cozumel, HK)
2012 (after Hurricane Sandy) log 2012 (Jul-before Hurricane Sandy) log (Netherlands, UK, Scotland, Norway, Denmark) (birdList.b4_split2_b_and_c.htm) 2012 (Jan-Jun) log (Costa Rica)
2011 log (HK, Punta Cana)
2010 log ( 1. Mar. Caribbean Cruise : Fort Lauderdale / Cozumel, Mexico ; 2. Nov. Caribbean Cruise : Puerto Rico / Half Moon Cay )
2009 log (Las Vegas; HK, Mainland China and Taiwan)
2008 log (South Caribbean Cruise - Puerto Rico, St. Thomas, St. Kitts, Grenada, Bonaire & Aruba; Toronto; Palm Beach, Florida)
Photo and Video @ Punta Cana pic01.htm others HK trips
Note on Dragonfly and Damselfly my insect spider list Macro butterflyMoth.htm frog kissena_rare_encounter.htm Postings of NY Birding List
Favorites in 2013 Favorites in 2012 Favorites in 2011
Bees Wasps Cricket myInventory myNationalPark.htm
Costa Rica info Costa Rica, 2012 - Photo costa_rica_mybirdlist.htm
Birding in Shetland Islands Norway cruise pc_stuff.htm Google Voice t-mobile (6/2014) 多部未华子 Don't vote Senator Gillibrand in 11/2018! cull_CanadaGeese_at_JBWR.htm
samsung_s3600.note01.htm http://www.nycgovparks.org/news/notices Biblical_problems_caused_by_translation.htm translation resource
how_can_i_make_a_very_sharp_phot.htm flash_wont_sync_in_slave_mode.htm Camera/Camcorder for birding cam4underwater infrared_photography.htm
comet_PANSTARRS.htm Jamaica_bird.htm 2015plus_jamaica_trips.htm Glacier Hay fever Glacier & Canadian Rockies Curacao-1 Curacao-2
South Carolina Seattle
Lead Adventures 3-Week Galapagos program - doc
Quito - Monastery of San Francisco - pic1 quito.htm
List of whale and dolphin species List of birds of HK
Remember to adjust focus of the viewfinder
American Redstart -
Unknown shorebird -
Postings of NY Birding List Tide time site (should go when high tide; cf. birdList2010.htm)
Tiger Swallowtail - <1>
Seattle, Washington - Olympic National Park
Steller's Jay and probably Gray Jay at Hoh Rain Forest. Pyrrhuloxia (not possible
Columbian Black-tailed Deer (Odocoileus hemionus columbianus): info-1: vs. Mule Deer and White-tailed Deer | wiki
海葵 (sea anemone)
(1) Hoh Rain Forest - expedia : You might encounter roaming herds of Roosevelt elk or black-tailed deer. More dangerous creatures, including black bear and cougars, also call this area home. Bring binoculars if you want to go bird-watching. Look for gray jays, pileated woodpeckers and the endangered spotted owl hiding among high branches.
7/18/2015 (Sat) am cloudy then rain
JBWR (8th visit this year)
Waxwings. Goldfinch(es). Redstarts. Unknown shorebird (peep?) at Big John's Pond. Tree Swallow at the box at Blind Pond feeding its baby.
7/11/2015 (Sat) am
Back playground at home: Cicada Killer, great pictures.
Oceanside: Osprey, one parent and 2 out of 3 babies are seen. Black Skimmer. Willet. Dragonfly, many, mainly Seaside Dragonlet [cf. 6/29/2013]. Cicada sound is heard.
Cicada Killer (male?) - <1> <2>
Black-crowned Night Heron
Yellow-crowned Night Heron
Snowy Egret, taking off
(1) Cicada Killer - male vs. female mirror
7/5/2015 (Sun) pm, sunny
JBWR (7th visit this year)
Waxwings. Osprey parent and their chick/nestling. Cicada sound is heard from trees on the way to Big John.
7/4/2015 (Sat) am
Lido Beach [Oceanside is closed because of holiday]
Oystercatcher (2+1). Osprey couple with 2 fledged children. Boat-tailed Grackle. Willet. RWBB. Barn Swallow. Tern. Gulls. Canada Geese. Song Sparrow. Catbird. Mockingbird. Cormorant. Starlings, juvenile gang. Many butterflies (Small White, Silver-spotted Skipper, (American?) Painted Lady?, Spring or Summer Azure, etc.). Wasps (one species seen on the sand looks like Bicyrtes quadrifasciatus). Bumble? Bees. Cricket at the entrance of the men's restroom (great pictures with flash & 1/160s).
Cricket - <1>
6/21/2015 (Sun) afternoon, sunny, hot and humid
6/20/2015 (Sat) am
Waxwings. Osprey parent feeding baby fish (we only see one chick, or called nestling, but there may be more). According to the whiteboard, babies or baby were/was born 2 weeks ago.
(1) 2006 Sep. 9 visited JBWR after Maryland trip.
(2) 2007 Jun. 7 - Killdeer did the "broken-wing act"
(3) 7/26/2008 - w/ naturalist Don Riepe
(4) 2010- saw Cedar Waxwing 2 times.
Box Office: 'Jurassic World' Sets Global Record With $511.8 Million Debut : It marks the first time a film has ever grossed more than $500 million in a single weekend.
6/7/2015 (Sun) late afternoon
Kissena (Corridor) Park
6/6/2015 (Sat) am until 1pm / late afternoon
Oceanside & Lido Beach / Kissena Park
Oceanside: Glossy Ibis flying over. Saltmarsh Sparrow (I only see the
photo taken by a birder). Tree Swallow (many, in and out from those new
nest boxes). Clapper Rail. Boat-tailed Grackle. Willet.
Lido: Oystercatcher (2), FOS, male over female so probably mating. Osprey couple. Boat-tailed Grackle. Willet.
Kissena: Amberwing. Blue dragonfly, possibly Blue Dasher. Damselfly, many pairs being busy with egg laying. All are FOS in NYC.
Next to look for: Black Skimmer [great video] [seen on 7/11]. Piping Plover. Sanderling. Waxwing [seen on 6/20].
5/31/2015 (Sun) am
5/30/2015 (Sat) am
JBWR (Visitor Center - Jan.—Feb.: Wed.—Sun., 8:30 a.m.—5 p.m.; Mon.—Tue., closed; Mar.—Dec.: daily, 8:30 a.m.—5 p.m.)
Ruddy Turnstone. Wren, probably House Wren (fairly long tail and just a faint eyebrow; info-1).
Caterpillar (at the entrance to Big John's Pond) - <1>
Black-crowned Night Heron - <1> (take off)
Glossy Ibis - <1>
Wren - <1> (at Blind Pond)
5/16/2015 (Sat) am
JBWR & Broad Channel American Park
Little Blue Heron. Brown Thrasher. Catbird. Mockingbird. Glossy Ibis. RWBB. Starling. Swan. Wood Duck. Gadwall. Shorebirds. Brant. Robin. Canada Geese. Tree Swallow. Yellow Warbler. Common Yellowthroat. Towhee. Laughing and other Gulls. Wren. Osprey. Double-crested Cormorant. etc. Horseshoe Crab.
5/10/2015 (Sun) pm
Catbird (a few). Frog (2); American Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus) or Green Frog?
5/9/2015 (Sat) am / pm
Idlewild Park & Brookville Park along Conselyea's Pond, Rosedale, NY / Cunningham Park
Idlewild : Killdeers. Yellow-crowned Night Herons.
Brookville : Beautiful male American Black Duck x Mallard hybrid. Large Turtle. Nesting Swan couple.
Uncertain Place: Catbirds (FOS in NYC).
Killdeer - <1> <2>
(1) Conselyea's Pond Nice shot found on Web (taken 2014/11)
(2) Friends of Idlewild Park Preserve fb
5/2/2015 (Sat) pm (morning is the NYSIF billing modernization migration)
Kissena (Corridor) Park
Mourning Dove - <1>
4/25/2015 (Sat) am / pm, sunny
JBWR / Kissena Park
Cowbird, female - <1>
Tree Swallow - <1> (singing, adult) <2> (landing, female or immature or young adult female)
Robin - <1> (head-cocking) <2>
Swan - <1>
4/15/2015 - 4/21/2015 (Wed - Tue)
Charleston, SC; Beaufort, SC; Savannah, GA
(1) Tybee Island lighthouse and beach - great pictures of Terns and Pelicans
(2) Savannah National Wildlife Refuge - American Alligator
(3) Pinckney Island National Wildlife Refuge - nesting Herons and Egrets. Really see all 7 herons there?
(4) Cypress Garden, Angel Oak Park and Magnolia Plantation & Gardens (has a petting zoo)
(5) Waterfront at Savannah River, around sunset
(6) Cathedral of St. John The Baptist, inside and outside
(7) Chimney Swifts outside our dwelling place, 705 Whitaker St., Forsyth Park, GA 31401. Wood Storks at Savannah National Wildlife Refuge. Catbirds, FOS.
Tern - <1>
Great Blue Heron
Little Blue Heron
Eastern Screech-Owl - <1>
Common Gallinule (formerly called Common Moorhen)
Cypress Garden - Picasa_1 Google+_1
(1) Goodbye Moorhen, Hello Gallinule: Common Moorhen has officially been split into two separate species. The bird found throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa is now known as the ‘Eurasian Moorhen’ (Gallinula chloropus) however the species found here in North America, as well as South America, is now called the ‘Common Gallinule’ (Gallinula galeata).
誰說香港不賞花？ (馮永基 26/03/2015): 太子道魚木盛放
| 南昌街公園的黃金風鈴木 | 青衣公園的落羽松 | 龍翔道上的宮粉羊蹄甲 | 黄大仙的白花羊蹄甲
(3) Tybee National Wildlife Refuge - info-1 : closed to all public use.
(4) Birding South Carolina: A Guide to 40 Premier Birding Sites mirror
4/11/2015 (Sat) am to 4pm, sunny and warm but very windy
Forest Park / JBWR / Kissena Park
F: Bee. Butterfly, probably Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis
J: Great Horned Owl owlet at nest. Laughing Gull (2). Snow Goose (many). Ross's Goose, dark morph (? id by a man; or dark morph Snow Goose X Ross's Goose hybrid.). Butterfly (look like the same species, Mourning Cloak, as at Forest Park). Green-winged Teal (a couple). Northern Flicker (1). Brant (a lot). Ruddy Duck (3+).
K: Turtle (a lot). No Gull.
Robin (eating earthworm) - <1> <2>
Robin - <1>
Great Horned Owl - <1> (cf. this fledgling Great Horned Owl left the nest two days before this picture was taken (around 23 APR 2013) at New York Botanical Gardens.
Bee - Flower
Mourning Cloak Butterfly - <1>
Green-winged Teal -
Song Sparrow -
(1) Why worms will crawl a wall?
Q. A reader once noticed that the south side of her was house covered with earthworms from the ground all the way up to the roof. She tried to convince her husband to come out for a look, but he refused, and when she went back outside a half hour later, the worms were gone. Nobody believes that story. What might explain the worm behavior? –C. Stuart
A. Once or twice each summer, earthworms of many species migrate not only across the surface of the soil but right up vertical surfaces such as moss-covered rocks, trees, even walls (as long as they're not too abrasive or slippery smooth), says Lee Frelich, Director of the University of Minnesota Center for Hardwood Ecology. The earthworms commonly move 10-15 feet, probably to find new habitat and to mate, since it is easier to find other members of the species on a two-dimensional surface than in the three-dimensional world of underground tunnels. Also, some earthworm species move away from soils that lack oxygen after heavy rain or that contain pesticides. Earthworms move at night or on cloudy, rainy days because otherwise they would be desiccated by the sun and perish within minutes.
(2) six kinds of vocalizations made by robins
(3) Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis
wiki | info-1 (Mourning cloaks can be found in all five of New York City’s boroughs)
unlike most butterflies, the mourning cloak overwinters as an adult. It seeks refuge during late fall in wood piles, tree cavities and other secluded spots. Because it overwinters in this stage, it is the earliest butterfly to take wing in the spring, usually during March in southern parts of our state and April further north. There are two generations each year, which means it also is one of the last butterflies we see in the fall. src
(4) Great Horned Owl (at Savannah, Georgia)
Fledglings remain in close company for several weeks, thereafter they loose association. They often roost together in the same tree in the immediate vicinity. Adults generally roost away from the young, who react to the sight of the adults with begging calls and flights towards the adults. Fledged owls remain with parents throughout most of the summer and may be seen begging for food into October, four to five months after leaving the nest. The juveniles will start to capture insects over the summer and will move on to mammals and birds towards the fall. They may become independent of the adults by late fall, early winter.
(5) Great Horned owls start nesting in January, raising their families in the dead of winter. The female will incubate the eggs while her mate brings her food. Within a month, up to five eggs will hatch and the owlets will be closely guarded by their parents. Six weeks after hatching, the owlets will leave the nest and walk around. In another three weeks, the young owls will already have learned to fly. The parents will continue to feed and care for their offspring for several months, often as late as October. It is wise to stay away from young owls and their nests as Great Horned Owls are not afraid to attack if they feel their family is threatened. src
(6) Jamaica Bay has its first reported Great Horned Owl nest
Bird photographer Francois Portmann (his 2015 owl pictures) first noticed and began documenting the nest on March 25, when the then-three-week-old owls were still white and downy. Situated just off a hiking trail and about 30 feet up in a tree, he believes the nest was originally built and left behind by a squirrel.
Indeed, Great Horned Owls have lived around New York City for years now, mainly keeping to bigger parks like Pelham Bay Park in the Bronx. What do they get out of city life? Judging by the components in their poop, a great supply of New York City rats. “These owls are opportunistic,” says Don Riepe, director of American Littoral Society’s Jamaica Bay Office.
Riepe says both Great Horned Owls and Red Tail Hawks (the owl’s daytime equivalent) now nest in every borough of New York City, as well as other metropolises across the country. New York City hosts other wildlife, too, he says: There’s coyotes, a growing deer population on Staten Island, and a cluster of skunks along the Upper West Side of Manhattan. As these populations grow and human development expands, “These animals are gradually adapting to urban areas,” Riepe says.
(7) More-1 More-2
4/5/2015 (Sun) am / pm
JBWR & Broad Channel American Park / Kissena (Corridior) Park
J: Brown Creeper. Boat-tailed Grackle. Northern Flicker. Phoebe. Tree Swallow 雙色樹燕 (many).
Brown-headed Cowbird (female). Snow Geese (a lot). Brant (many).
Gulls. Ruddy Duck. Osprey couple. Double-crested Cormorant.
Yellow-rumped Warbler (1).
B: Finch (many).
K: Ring-billed Gull (1). Turtle (many, both Eastern Painted Turtle & Red-eared Slider). Osprey (1). Double-crested Cormorant.
Robin - <1> (head-cocking)
Tree Swallow - <1> <2>
Brown-headed Cowbird - <1>
Brown Creeper - <1>
Eastern Painted Turtle - <1>
Which Senses Do Robins Use to Find Worms? - Dr. Heppner suspected sight was the most important sense robins use to find worms.
How robins find worms (1997) - ... suggesting that they could use auditory (聽覺) cues to locate the prey. They also had significantly reduced foraging success when auditory cues were obscured by white noise. These results conflict with the only other experimental study of foraging in American robins, which concluded that they foraged using visual clues alone
Indiana University (September 25, 2008 By SUSAN LINVILLE) - ... concluded that robins could use either visual or auditory cues alone to find worms in the soil, but probably use both. So the next time you see a robin “head-cocking” you can be fairly sure it’s listening and looking for those mouthwatering treats!
Westchester - 墓園墳場掃墓祭祖
Nice weather - Google+ fb w1600
耶穌受難節 4月3日 星期五
耶穌受難節翌日 4月4日 星期六
清明節 4月5日 星期日 - 30.6℃歷來最熱清明
清明節翌日 4月6日 星期一
復活節星期一翌日 4月7日 星期二
Killdeers (5) at Kissena Park, 3/27/2015. Cesar Castillo reported at ebirdgadgets.
3/21/2015 (Sat) am sunny and warm (after
snow storm Ultima yesterday
when is also the day of Spring arrival; snow amount in Central Park: 4.5 in)
Finally, Robin (5+) are here. Mourning Dove. Black-crowned Night Heron. RWBBs and Cardinals are busy in calling. A dead bird is seen in the pond. Turtle.
Robin - <1a> <1b> (cropped w800) <1c> (cropped w480) <1d> (Apply aberration adjustment once but I see no difference)
Scene - <1a> <1b> (Aberration corrected)
(1) Dead_American_robin so the dead bird does not look like Robin, House Sparrow & other sparrows, Rock Dove and other doves, Starling, Grackle, RWBB, Junco, Blue Jay, Mockingbird, warblers. No idea! Is it possible Starling? No, it is female RWBB.(2)
WEATHER ITEM OBSERVED TIME RECORD YEAR NORMAL DEPARTURE LAST VALUE (LST) VALUE VALUE FROM YEAR NORMAL .................................................................. SNOWFALL (IN) YESTERDAY 4.5 4.7 1958 0.1 4.4 0.0 MONTH TO DATE 18.6 3.1 15.5 0.1 SINCE OCT 1 47.0 24.4 22.6 57.4 SINCE JUL 1 47.0 24.4 22.6 57.4 SNOW DEPTH 0(3) The news that Britain's starling population has fallen by four-fifths ...
|Feb 25-Mar 19 (8 checklists, 8 species)|
|1||Killdeer||Astoria - East||+|
Breezy Point Tip
|1||Killdeer||Alley Pond Park--Environmental Center||+|
|X||Killdeer||Queens County Location||+|
Idlewild is located South of Brookville Park, off Brookville Blvd in the
Brookville/Rosedale neighborhoods of southeastern Queens.
Public Transit: Take the Long Island Railroad to the Rosedale. Cross Sunrise Highway and walk south on 243rd Street. Make a right on 147th Ave and a left on 235th St. The entrance to Idlewild is at the end of 235th St. where it meets 149th Ave. This is a little over a half mile walk.
By Car: Take 27 (Sunrise Highway) east toward Long Island. Turn right onto Brookville Blvd and travel south to 149th Ave. Make a right on 149th (or 147th?) Ave and the entrance to the park is on 235th Street. I think another entrance is 149th Ave and 230 St.
From the Belt Parkway going east, take exit 23 and merge onto Conduit Ave heading east. Turn right onto Brookville Boulevard and follow directions above from 27.
3/15/2015 (Sun) am before church, cloudy
Kissena Park, its lake starts melting
Still no sight of Robin. RWBB (2) calling. Hooded Merganser couple. Beautiful Ring-billed Gulls after the spring molt (info-1).
The Lake in the Last Winter Clothing - <1>
- How Lake Ice Melts
- Report (learner): First seen at Forest Hills on 3/16 (Mon).
- Report (ebirdgadgets):
- Feb 25 - Mar 18 at Manhattan: Peter Detmold Park (Feb 26) ... Inwood Hill Park (Mar 1) ... Central Park (Mar 7 and later, many of them) ...
- Feb 25 - Mar 18 at Queens: many of them:
|36||American Robin||40.6878x-73.8845 - Mar 18, 2015, 11:55 AM||+|
|1||American Robin||113 St, Forest Hills||+|
|1||American Robin||59-14 Grove Street 11385||+|
|1||American Robin||Queens College||+|
|2||American Robin||Flushing Meadows Corona Park--Queens Zoo||+|
|12||American Robin||Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge||+|
|3||American Robin||Backyard (Andrew Baksh)||+|
|1||American Robin||Brookville Park|
3/14/2015 (Sat) pm rainy
Kissena Corridor Park
Still no sight of Robin; last year I saw it FOS much earlier (2/22/2014);
3/9/2013 I recorded many of them; waiting for a sunny day with 50+ F to meet
them again. Last year, according to
record, Robin was first seen in NYC on 2/2/2014.
When is FOS this year:
Robin - 3/21 am
Common Grackle - 3/21 pm after Dim Sum on the way to my car
Boat-tailed Grackle - 4/5 Sun am
Mourning Dove - 3/13 Fri morning
Phoebe (or possibly other flycatchers) - 3/28 Sat am
Tree Swallow - 4/5 Sun am
Brown-headed Cowbird (others saw them from Mar15, Fort Tilden; Mar 28, Kissena Park; Mar 29, Cunningham Park & Alley Pond Park) - 4/5 Sun am (female)
In New York, New England, and southern Canada the catbirds may be expected the first week of May.
In general the great bulk of migrants arrive about a week after the first birds of the season are seen. The migratory wave of catbirds requires about a month in traveling from the southern part of the United States to the northern and western section of their nesting range.
The spring migration northward is regular, and the date of arrival varies but
little from year to year. Even during times of unseasonably cold weather the
catbird does not seem to halt its movements to await for warmer days but usually
proceeds on schedule.
[Published in 1948]
Robin Migration News: March 10, 2015
Earthworms and Robins Return: "When spring comes and frost leaves the soil, the earthworms become migrants, tunneling upward. They appear at the surface, leaving the first castings of the new season, as soon as the average temperatures of the ground reaches about 36 degrees. At the same time, the robins return from the south." (From North With the Spring by Edwin Way Teale.)
Winter Birds Myths and Facts
Winter Birds Myth: Birds always migrate in flocks.
Winter Birds Fact: Though many birds migrate in flocks-common nighthawks, American robins, swallows and European starlings, for example-other species migrate alone. The most amazing example of this is a juvenile hummingbird that has never migrated before, yet knows when to fly, where to fly, how far to fly and when to stop. And it does this all alone.
Convert Lat and Long to Address
Where do New York Robins Go for the Winter?These robins were banded in New York during the breeding season and recovered during the winter months, during the 1930's-1960's.
|Latitude||Longitude||Find the State/Province where this New York robin was recovered|
|32.3||-81.8||Statesboro, GA 30458, USA|
|29.5||-82.2||Hawthorne, FL 32640, USA|
|30.8||-92.0||Washington, LA 70589, USA|
|31.5||-82.8||Douglas, GA 31535, USA|
|33.8||-79.5||1150-1386 Blackwell Mill Road, Johnsonville, SC 29555, USA|
|32.2||-90.2||Florence, MS 39073, USA|
|35.0||-78.3||North Clinton, NC, USA|
|31.3||-82.7||Axson, GA 31624, USA|
|34.8||-80.8||Lancaster, SC 29720, USA|
|30.8||-83.3||Valdosta, GA, USA|
|35.3||-77.5||Kinston, NC, USA|
|28.0||-81.7||Cypress Gardens, FL, USA|
|31.7||-89.2||Laurel, MS 39443, USA|
|29.7||-95.3||Gulfgate/ Pine Valley, Houston, TX, USA|
|32.2||-85.2||Pittsview, AL 36871, USA|
|30.0||-91.2||8, LA, USA|
3/8/2015 (Sun) am before church service
處處聞啼鳥: Blue Jays mobbing hawk
(probably Red-tailed Hawk). RWBB (FOS) calling.
Last year, first record of RWBB is also 3/8. And First of Season Grackles (good picture). Both years, International Women's Day is lucky birding day.
2013, first record of RWBB is also 3/9 (Sat). Also Red-tailed Hawk nesting at IS237.
Cardinal - <1> <2> (head close-up)
Blue Jays mob a hawk (and stabilized version)
(1) from wiki - Blue jays will use these calls to band together to mob potential predators such as hawks and drive them away from the jays' nests.
(2) RWBBs usually arrive back in Southwestern Ontario in late February and early March. Females arrive several weeks later and then build nests. src
... February will not be missed. With the average temperature for the month lingering around 24 degrees, some 11 degrees shy of normal by the National Weather Service’s calculation, this insult of a month looks as though it will clock in as the coldest recorded February in New York City since 1934.
That year , February averaged 19.9 degrees and included the lowest daily reading ever registered for New York: On Feb. 9 the mercury sank to a ridiculous 15 degrees below zero. ... Aside from 1934, he said the only other chillier February on record than the present one was in 1885, when the temperature averaged 22.7 degrees and when people did not yet have hand warmers.
There is positive news. It appears that alternate-side-of-the-street parking regulations have been abolished. src
Google: rent a car sharing economy
Seattle, WA, United States 7/22-28
$34 per day,
$175 per week,
$590 per month
Honda Civic 2008
Very low price with 57 good reviews.
一百年前, " 第一次世界大戰初期，美國保持中立，同時向交戰雙方出售武器，1917年參加協約國陣營，由於在一戰中遭受了巨大傷亡，美國政府在1920年代開始重新奉行孤立主義(Isolationism)，決心不再參與任何在歐洲發生的軍事衝突。當時的孤立主義趨勢還導致了嚴格的關稅制度的引入，這被認為是後來大蕭條的一個重要誘因。" wiki
一百年後, 美國另一個樣. In fact, not only USA and Japan, nearly all countries today do not practice isolationism anymore.
Two distinct and unrelated concepts that are occasionally erroneously categorized as Isolationism are:
What Sparked Japan's Aggression During World War II?
2/8/2015 (Sun) am before church service
Kissena Corridor Park / Kissena Park
Response to request, go to take pictures of snow scene and ice landscape.
Football field (Kosmos Soccer Field), stitched by ICE - (fb)
Others - <1> (Geese on the water in the frozen lake)
White-throated Sparrow - <1>
Song Sparrow - <1> (1/160 sec) <2a> (1/250 sec; w1600) <2b> (1/250 sec; w1920)
Mockingbird - <1>
(1) The "Old World" sparrows belong to the Passeridae family. They look similar to the "New World" sparrows which belong to the Emberizidae family. src
(2) Sparrow, Spanish (Passer hispaniolensis) - Found: Mediterranean Region and Asia. The closest relative to Spanish Sparrow is the House Sparrow. They interbreed and it can be difficult to determine if a Spanish Sparrow is really a hybrid. src
(3) 1+1=3 - HYBRID SPECIATION IN SPARROWS -
... the Italian sparrow is shown to be a hybrid species formed by interbreeding between the house sparrow and Spanish sparrow. ...
Only very rarely does a new and distinct third species arise through the crossing of two extant ones. Therefore, the case of the Italian sparrow provides groundbreaking insight into how new species arise.
The studies have been published in the current issue of Molecular Ecology along with a perspective article highlighting the findings: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mec.2011.20.issue-18/issuetoc or here
2/7/2015 (Sat) am, cloudy then start snowing
Kissena Corridor Park / Kissena Park
一路上在星期一的積雪(成冰)印上深深的足印, 也迎上意料以外片片之飄雪. 舊冰新雪, 和新羽舊鳥: Wren (好似第一次在 Kissena
Corridor Park 見). Northern Shoveler, one male, first of this winter
at Kissena Park . Rusty Blackbird. Cardinal (both m & f). Woodpecker. Blue Jay.
Probably Carolina Wren, according to hotspotbirding.com.
Cardinal - <1> fb (冰雪連天射紅雀 臉書神筆寫對聯) [ 飛雪連天射白鹿，笑書神俠倚碧鴛 ]
Ring-billed Gull, 1st winter - <1> (少少水花少少雪, fb)
Rusty Blackbird - <1> (fb)
1/26/2015 (Mon) Winter Storm Juno: Blizzard Warnings for New York City
Potentially Historic Northeast Snowstorm Ahead
1/17/2015 (Sat) pm after Dim Sum, sunny
Double-crested Cormorant. Cardinal. Woodpecker. Blue Jay. etc.
Double-crested Cormorant - <1> <2>
1/3/2015 (Sat) late morning, cloudy
Many birds search for food (nut?) in the grass: Rusty Blackbird (1); Titmouse (2+); Cardinal (one couple); White-throated Sparrow (a lot). Red-bellied Woodpecker. Blue Jay.
Rusty Blackbird - <1a> <1b> (w640)