Bird List                


    all yr: 2012-now          FOS in NY
    2016 celebrate birding 10 year anniversary - 決志:  矢志不渝 、堅定不移地 進行觀鳥, 成為一生一世的嗜好, 天長地久的興趣.
    2016 (Jan-Jul): Mexico (4/7)
    2015 (8/14-): Curacao / HK
    2015 (Jan-8/8) log: South Carolina / Seattle
    2014 log: Jamaica / Canadian Rockies / Curacao
    2013 log (New Orleans, Costa Maya, Belize City, Roatan, & Cozumel, HK)        
    2012 (after Hurricane Sandy) log  
    2012 (Jul-before Hurricane Sandy) log  (Netherlands, UK, Scotland, Norway, Denmark) (birdList.b4_split2_b_and_c.htm)   
    2012 (Jan-Jun) log  (Costa Rica)  
    2011 log  (HK, Punta Cana
    2010 log  ( 1. Mar. Caribbean Cruise : Fort Lauderdale / Cozumel, Mexico ; 2. Nov. Caribbean Cruise : Puerto Rico / Half Moon Cay ) 
    2009 log  (Las Vegas; HK, Mainland China and Taiwan)  
    2008 log  (South Caribbean Cruise - Puerto Rico, St. Thomas, St. Kitts, Grenada, Bonaire & Aruba; Toronto; Palm Beach, Florida)   
    Photo and Video @ Punta Cana    pic01.htm  others   HK trips
    Note on Dragonfly and Damselfly   my insect spider list    Macro   butterflyMoth.htm   frog   kissena_rare_encounter.htm    Postings of NY Birding List
    Favorites in 2013   Favorites in 2012   Favorites in 2011  
    Bees   Wasps   Cricket   myInventory   myNationalPark.htm
    Costa Rica info   Costa Rica, 2012 - Photo    costa_rica_mybirdlist.htm
    Birding in Shetland Islands     Norway cruise     pc_stuff.htm    Google Voice    t-mobile (6/2014)   多部未华子   Don't vote Senator Gillibrand in 11/2018!   cull_CanadaGeese_at_JBWR.htm
    samsung_s3600.note01.htm   smart_phone.htm   Biblical_problems_caused_by_translation.htm   translation resource
    how_can_i_make_a_very_sharp_phot.htm   flash_wont_sync_in_slave_mode.htm   Camera/Camcorder for birding   cam4underwater   infrared_photography.htm
    comet_PANSTARRS.htm    Jamaica_bird.htm   2015plus_jamaica_trips.htm   Glacier   Hay fever   Glacier & Canadian Rockies  
    Curacao-1   Curacao-2   Bermuda   Cancun
    Cuba [mirrorEthiopia [Rockjumper's standard tours (as we classify this PNG tour) are aimed at the keen birder who wants to see as many birds and as much wildlife as possible without extreme effort or arduous hours in the field i.e. the average birder. src]
    South Carolina   Seattle
    Lead Adventures 3-Week Galapagos program - doc  
    Quito - Monastery of San Francisco - pic1  quito.htm
    List of whale and dolphin species        List of birds of HK
    全膝關節置換術 (TKA)   飛蚊症

Vanessa's Delights Omega-3 Mix contains Omega-3 Fortified Cranberries, Roasted Almonds, Walnuts, Pecans, Raw Pistachios, and Pepitas (Pumpkin Seeds).   Other brands: (has retail stores in NYC)

Labor Day weekend - Rockaway Beach (1Beach 59th St.) ; Sep. - Gulls feeding on ant swarms
Summer (August) is a good time to visit Rockefeller State Park, Valhalla, NY - at the lake/pond, many dragonflies & damselflies.
Winter birding in NYC
late Feb / early March:  Ring-billed Gulls, when they have shed their streaky winter plumage and have gleaming white feathers, a bright orange orbital ring and a bright orange gape, are pretty dang-dooddilly-delightful.  src
   may be also for other gulls (e.g., Great Black-backed Gull - <1> on 2/18/2012)
Early Spring, May: look for Fragile Forktail (Ischnura posita), Eastern Forktail & other dragonflies/damselflies emerges from its nympahal skin (exuvia) to commence the aerial portion of its life   src
ebird bird account 2012 up to 5/8 
detailed map of East Pond   Mirror 
excellent information on Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge - 
Oceanside: Peregrine Falcon & Swallows fledging (late May /early June), Osprey fledging (June), dragonflies (July), Clapper Rail babies (July?)
"3/31/2013 - Queens, New York City: I visited Breezy Point today to do some spring shorebird reconnaissance and had the following notables: Piping plover (3), eastern phoebes (2), my first-of-the-season American oystercatchers (17), sanderling (240), and dunlins (3). In a first for me at Breezy Tip, I had killdeer (5) roaming around where there used to be dunes. Out on the ocean, a handful of northern gannets were seen, all adults. No massive staging of waterfowl, with only a smattering of long-tailed ducks."  - Andrew Baksh   src
QCC Nature-on-Campus BLOG : 2015 February 16 ... Pelham Bay Park (Bronx, NY) "Superb Owl" walk led by David Burg. The walk was on, you guessed it, Super Bowl Sunday. ....; 2. Great Horned Owl in tree cavity; 3. a second Great Horned Owl in the distance; 4. a Killdeer on the beach ...
    Golden Pond at Crocheron Park, Bayside, NY 11361 - QCC Blog   map   direction: Take I-295 N/Clearview Expy to 35th Ave. Turn right onto 35th Ave.

2016 May 9 - A transit of Mercury will occur. Full transit will be visible in South America, Eastern North America, ... 
September 1, 2016 - Annular Solar Eclipse will be visible from central Africa, Madagascar and locations from the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. The eclipse will be partial for people in most of Africa.  info-1

如來神掌 (5+2)  |  投奔怒海 (1982年)  |  少女日記 (1984) - 吳美枝 鄧浩光  |  倚天屠龍記之魔教教主 (1993)

哥斯拉 (1954)  |  摩斯拉 (1961)  | 

Species (1995)  | Godzilla (1998)  | 

玲瓏公主  |  璇璣公主  |   秦般弱 |   雋娘  |   宮羽  |  小新  |   琴兒?

1 time birding permits for Ft. Tilden/Breezy Point:
I asked Rita Mullally, the person in charge here at Floyd Bennett Field, and she said to contact Jennifer Bethea. Jennifer has been out for a week or so. Feel free to email
rita_mullally AT         and/or 
     jennifer_bethea AT

Ranger John Tebbetts ( john_tebbetts AT )

絕滅物種   《海街女孩日記》  
公民投票 (Referendum - (in some countries synonymous with a plebiscite  — or a vote on a ballot question))



Honey-bee colony collapse disorder (CCD)

Seed coating with a neonicotinoid insecticide negatively affects wild bees
... the key question is how neonicotinoids influence bees, and wild bees in particular, in real-world agricultural landscapes11, 12, 13. Here we show that a commonly used insecticide seed coating in a flowering crop can have serious consequences for wild bees. In a study with replicated and matched landscapes, we found that seed coating with Elado, an insecticide containing a combination of the neonicotinoid clothianidin and the non-systemic pyrethroid β-cyfluthrin, applied to oilseed rape seeds, reduced wild bee density, solitary bee nesting, and bumblebee colony growth and reproduction under field conditions. Hence, such insecticidal use can pose a substantial risk to wild bees in agricultural landscapes, and the contribution of pesticides to the global decline of wild bees1, 2, 3 may have been underestimated. 

High Dynamic Range

Post-processed by HDRsoft Photomatix Pro 5.0.4:
(1) Yellow-crowned Night Heron (6/29/2013) - <1> (cf. OOC jpeg)
(2) Seaside Dragonlet (6/29/2013) -  <1>
Grasshopper (9/28/2013) - <1>
(4) Periodical Cicada (6/8/2013) -  <1>
(5) Double-crested Cormorant (1/17/2015) - <1>  (no HDR: <1>   <2>)  
(6) 灰喜鵲 (Azure-winged Magpie, Cyanopica cyanus = Cyanopica cyana) - <1> 

How many birds with common name in USA starting with American? 19.  ref-1  ref-2 

How many duck (inc.  shelducks) species did I see?  And which has not yet?

Confirm (20+): 
     Redhead.  Muscovy Duck.  Wood Duck.  American Wigeon.  Gadwall.  Ruddy Duck.  Bufflehead.  Blue-winged Teal (8/20/2011).  Green-winged Teal.  Hooded Merganser.  Ring-necked Duck (1/2012 at "New Alley Pond").  Shoveler.  Mallard.  American Black Duck.   Domestic Duck. 
     Greater or Lesser Scaup (1/8/2012).   Red-breasted Merganser (1/8/2012, 7/28/2012).  White-winged Scoter (1/8/2012).  
     Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (where and when? 2012 Costa Rica?)  Long-tailed Duck (2/18/2012).   
     Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus; "fox-goose") in the shelduck subfamily Tadorninae (8/24/2012).  
     Muscovy duck (?Kissena Park 2/28/2009 [No, it is the the big Snowy Goose]?, Punta Cana 2011). 
     Horned Grebe (1/8/2012).

Question: Mottled Duck (rare in NYC) in FL or others?  Masked Duck.  Mandarin duck (HK). 

Definitely Not Yet:  (1) Cinnamon Teal (Anas cyanoptera

Note: Mallard call duck - mini mallards breeding for their loud call, to attract mallard's for hunting.

Tides for Barren Island, Rockaway Inlet starting with July 30, 2016.

Day        High      Tide  Height   Sunrise    Moon  Time      % Moon
           /Low      Time    Feet    Sunset                    Visible
Sa  30     High   5:16 AM     5.1   5:51 AM    Rise  2:43 AM      19
    30      Low  11:29 AM     0.0   8:12 PM     Set  5:26 PM
    30     High   5:45 PM     6.1
Su  31      Low  12:23 AM     0.0   5:52 AM    Rise  3:38 AM      11
    31     High   6:18 AM     5.2   8:11 PM     Set  6:22 PM
    31      Low  12:24 PM    -0.1
    31     High   6:42 PM     6.3
M    1      Low   1:16 AM    -0.2   5:53 AM    Rise  4:37 AM      5
     1     High   7:14 AM     5.5   8:10 PM     Set  7:12 PM
     1      Low   1:18 PM    -0.1
     1     High   7:33 PM     6.4
Tu   2      Low   2:06 AM    -0.3   5:54 AM    Rise  5:39 AM      1
     2     High   8:04 AM     5.7   8:09 PM     Set  7:56 PM
     2      Low   2:09 PM    -0.1
     2     High   8:21 PM     6.4
W    3      Low   2:53 AM    -0.4   5:55 AM    Rise  6:41 AM      0
     3     High   8:52 AM     5.7   8:08 PM     Set  8:34 PM
     3      Low   2:57 PM    -0.1
     3     High   9:06 PM     6.3
Th   4      Low   3:37 AM    -0.3   5:56 AM    Rise  7:43 AM      1
     4     High   9:38 AM     5.7   8:07 PM     Set  9:09 PM
     4      Low   3:43 PM     0.0
     4     High   9:49 PM     6.1
F    5      Low   4:18 AM    -0.2   5:57 AM    Rise  8:44 AM      4
     5     High  10:24 AM     5.6   8:06 PM     Set  9:41 PM
     5      Low   4:26 PM     0.2
     5     High  10:33 PM     5.8

7/30/2016 (Sat) 8am - 12pm

  Semipalmated Sandpiper (gray body & blackish legs).  Least Sandpiper (brown body & greenish or yellowish legs).  Semipalmated Plover.  Greater Yellowlegs, run frantically to chase small fish..  Lesser Yellowlegs. 
  Skimmer (1).   Least Tern.  Common Tern or similar species.
  Yellow Warbler.  Goldfinch.  Starling, juvenile molting to adult plumage.  Black-crowned Night Heron.  Waterthrush.  Great Blue Heron.  Snowy Egret, chasing fish too.  Glossy Ibis.  Crow, a young one begging for food.
  Damselflies: mainly blue Bluets.
  Dragonflies at Big John's Pond: a possibly Twelve-spotted Skimmer.  Eastern Pondhawk Common Green Darner, female, ovipositing.  Blue Dasher, male.
  Skipper, a large one, probably Silver-spotted Skipper. 
  A small butterfly, Eastern Tailed-Blue, not Hairstreak. It looks similar to Spring Azure of Gossamer-wing family; but it is not.  It has "tails" and Azure has not.
  Wasp: Hornet nest.  European Paper Wasp (Polistes dominula) or less likely Yellow Jacket or others?
  A large fly waiting for me to take photo at the bench at East Pond lookout.  Small Milkweed Bug (or a similar species) mating.  Sand Wasp (Bicyrtes quadrifasciatus) ) digging and closing the burrow. 

  Skimmer - <1>   
  A small butterfly, Eastern Tailed-Blue - <1> 
  A large fly -

Eastern Pondhawk 1 immature male 
  2 female

(1) butterfly id tool
(2) Ranger  Ryan on Eastern Pondhawk at Big John's (Jun 7, 2016 posted) - While the green females tend to remain stationary among the plant life around the pond, the blue males spend a lot of their time cruising over the waters and hunting other flying insects, some as big as themselves.

7/16/2016 (Sat) am, sunny and very hot
Nickerson Beach (880 Lido Blvd, Lido Beach, NY 11561)
Shorebird and Tern Baby Day in July

Babies everywhere.  Oystercatcher babies and juveniles.  Common Tern, incubating and babies.  Piping Plover juveniles.  Skimmer, incubating and babies.  Least Tern, no adult incubating and cannot identify any young.
Dragonfly.  Rabbit (2), probably Eastern Cottontail.
A dead cicada on the way to get my car on 150th St.  Heard cicada singing during the week.

  Skimmer babies - 
  Common Tern babies - 
  Oystercatcher babies/juveniles - 
  Piping Plover juveniles -

7/9/2016 (Sat) am / pm after Dim Sum, cloudy
Oceanside / Kissena Park

Oceanside: Seaside Dragonlet (a lot of males, a couple of females).  Tern (many):  Least Tern?  Common Tern? or others.  Glossy Ibis (1).  Willet (many).  Killdeer (1).  Tree Swallow (4-5 juveniles).
Kissena: Orange Bluet (a couple of).  Common Grackle (1).
7/4/2016 (Mon) am / pm
JBWR / Kissena Park

  Skipper, a large one, probably Silver-spotted Skipper. 
  Waxwing.  Common Yellowthroat.  Grackle, many females. Glossy Ibis.
Kissena Park:
  The white goose has 4 children.  Probably it is a male mating with a female Canada Goose, producing 4 hybrid goslings in this year.
  Amberwing.  Blue Dasher.

The white goose family on Web: YouTube-1   YouTube-2
One source says it is a it's a domestic Graylag Goose.  Compared to here.
"There are so many geese that look similar due to hybrids that I'm at a loss.  I went by this site which has a lot of photos.  The beak of the American Buff Goose I felt was too short to match."
Cf. Hybrid Goose at Kissena Park on 2/20/2012 -  <1>   <2>   <3>   <4>   <5> (<unfiltered jpg>

7/2/2016 (Sat) pm
Westchester 墓園墳場 & birdfeeder at Jonathan's home
Dragonfly In Valhalla: Amberwing, and Unicorn Clubtail (Arigomphus villosipes).

Chipmunk.  Blue Jay.  Red-bellied Woodpecker.  Chipping Sparrow. 
Amberwing (many), and Unicorn Clubtail (1).

    Unicorn Clubtail -

Note on Unicorn Clubtail (Arigomphus villosipes):
1. It commonly rests on wet pond edges, rock and logs, where it can be extremely difficult to approach. It is apparently proficient at taking and feeding on smaller dragonflies.  src
Genus Arigomphus

Species cornutus (Tough, 1900) [Gomphus]
Species furcifer (Hagen in Selys, 1878) [Gomphus]
Species lentulus (Needham, 1902) [Gomphus]
Species maxwelli (Ferguson, 1950) [Gomphus]
Species pallidus (Rambur, 1842) [Gomphus]
Species submedianus (Williamson, 1914) [Gomphus]   wiki: range of Jade Clubtail is not in NY area.
Species villosipes (Selys, 1854) [Gomphus]


6/25/2016 (Sat) am
JBWR (7th visit)
A lot of photographers out today

Big John's Pond: Barn Owl.  Black-crowned Night Heron.  Glossy Ibis.
East Pond: Skimmer (2).
Common Yellowthroat.  Willow Flycatcher or other flycatcher.
6/18/2016 (Sat) 7:45 am - 1:15pm
Nickerson Beach (880 Lido Blvd, Lido Beach, NY 11561) / Lido Beach Passive Nature Preserve / Oceanside
Shorebird and Tern Baby Day

Oystercatcher babies and juveniles.  Common Tern baby (1+).  Piping Plover juveniles (3).  Skimmer and Least Tern, incubating, no baby or juvenile is seen.  Pictures of Least Tern Egg?
Seaside Dragonlet [cf. 6/29/2013, 7/11/2015].

6/11/2016 (Sat) am
JBWR (6th visit) / Big Egg Marsh / Broad Channel American Park
A Wren Day

Big John's Pond: Black-crowned Night Heron (2).
East Pond: Mute Swan (1 adult with 1 child).
Waxwing.  Common Yellowthroat.  Willow Flycatcher (id by the birder with his scope).

Note: June 1st at Jamaica Bay (2008) by Corey - spot several Willow Flycatchers and an Acadian Flycatcher (and heard another Acadian).
6/4/2016 (Sat) am
Kissena Park
5/30/2016 (Mon) noon-3pm
JBWR / Big Egg Marsh / Broad Channel American Park

East Pond: Damselfly (Bluet?).  Ruddy Duck (many).  Mute Swan (many). 
Big John's Pond: Black-crowned Night Heron (1).
A blue color bird.  Eastern Tent Caterpillars.  Wren.  Towhee.  Osprey chicks (2).  Oystercatcher (2).  Yellow Warbler (a few).   Dragonfly.  Skipper and one other butterfly (American / Painted Lady?).

5/29/2016 (Sun) late pm
Kissena (Corridor) Park

Eastern Cottontail.  Dragonfly.  Wasp.  Lady-bug- like insect.  Butterfly, small, unknown (Duskywing?).  Osprey catches fish.  Grackle, bath adult and a juvenile.  Baltimore Oriole.

    Grackle - juvenile   bathing adult

(1) List of Butterflies of New York 

Skippers (Hesperiidae)

Spread-wing Skippers (Pyrginae) 
Columbine Duskywing
 (Erynnis lucilius)
Common Checkered-Skipper (Pyrgus communis)
Common Sootywing (Pholisora catullus)
Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus)
Golden Banded-Skipper (Autochton cellus)
Grizzled Skipper (Pyrgus centaureae)
Hoary Edge (Achalarus lyciades)
Horace's Duskywing (Erynnis horatius)
Juvenal's Duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis)
Long-tailed Skipper (Urbanus proteus)
Mottled Duskywing (Erynnis martialis)
Northern Cloudywing (Thorybes pylades)
Persius Duskywing (Erynnis persius)
Silver-spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus)
Sleepy Duskywing (Erynnis brizo)
Southern Cloudywing (Thorybes bathyllus)
Wild Indigo Duskywing (Erynnis baptisiae)

- See more at:

5/28/2016 (Sat) 7:30 am - pm
Nickerson Beach (880 Lido Blvd, Lido Beach, NY 11561) / Lido Beach Passive Nature Preserve / Oceanside / Big Egg Marsh / Broad Channel American Park
Seeing Jeff (NYSIF) at Nickerson.

Nickerson Beach:  Skimmers.  Sanderlings.  Terns (Common, Least).  Piping Plovers.  Skimmer is FOS, last seen on 7/11/2015.  Oystercatchers, esp. a mating pair.
Lido: Common Yellowthroat (not sure here or Oceanside?)
Oceanside: Osprey (1 chick).  Dragonfly.
Big Egg Marsh: Dragonfly.

    Least Tern -
    Common Tern -
    Sanderling -
    Skimmer -
    Piping Plover -
    Osprey -
    Willet -
    Yellow-crowned Night Heron - juvenile eating crab   adult eating crab
    Laughing Gull -
    Semipalmated Sandpiper -
    Oystercatcher - mating

5/22/2016 (Sun) late pm
Kissena (Corridor) Park

Eastern Cottontail (2 + 1 juvenile innocent looking).  cf. 8/3/2013 & 6/30/2012.    Feral cats.  Juvenile Starling.  Sick Rock Dove.  Catbirds, many.  Song Sparrows.

    Eastern Cottontail - <1>   The third-1 (no red veins in its ears so it may not be a juvenile; unless its parent mated in one of the warm days in March; rusty nape patch is a key to id cottontail)   Running-1  Running-2 (set to run)
    Robin -
    Rock Dove -

(1) This is the time to see many juvenile Starlings and enjoy shorebirds at Big Egg Marsh / Broad Channel American Park.
(2) Eastern Cottontail Rabbit -
Rabbit or Hare?
The term "rabbit" and the term "hare" are often used as synonyms but are not at all interchangeable. The most obvious difference between these two types of small, grazers is the shape of their ears: hares have much longer ears than rabbits and the ears of hares tend to have black colored tips. There are also significant differences in the two groups' burrowing habits (only rabbits make underground burrows) and in the characteristics of their young (rabbits have naked newborns, hares have furred newborns).

Mating can occur at any time during the warmer months of the year.

The young are born after a thirty day gestation period and are dependent upon the doe for food for approximately two weeks. At two weeks the small rabbits forage and fend for themselves.

(3) Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (New Hampshire) - The eastern cottontail mates between February and September. The female builds a nest in a depression in the ground and lines it with soft materials and fur from her chest. The female gives birth about a month after mating. She has between one to nine babies, although she usually will have four to five young. The female feeds the young twice a day. The babies are weaned after about three weeks and leave the nest after about seven weeks. The female may mate again just hours after giving birth. Females can have three or four litters a year. Eastern cottontails are ready to mate when they are three months old.

5/21/2016 (Sat) am - early pm
Nickerson Beach (880 Lido Blvd, Lido Beach, NY 11561) / Lido Beach Passive Nature Preserve / Oceanside

Nickerson Beach:  Sanderlings, some in the rusty breeding plumage.  Terns (Common, Least).  Least Tern is FOS and have not been seen in NYC Greater Area (inc. LI) for 2 years (6/7/2014, 7/7/2012).  Oystercatchers.
Lido: Dunlin in breeding plumage.  Common Yellowthroat.
Oceanside: Peregrine Falcon (1 chick).  Towhee.

    Least Tern -
    Common Tern -
    Sanderling -
    Dunlin -

(1) Sanderling - breeding plumage highly variable; some show rich chestnut head and upperparts, while others remain relatively colorless.

5/14/2016 (Sat) am to early pm / evening banquet
JBWR / Broad Channel American Park
My Warbler Day

FOS: Glossy Ibis.  Brown Thrasher (at NYC; not count the dead one in 3/27 in PA).  Common Yellowthroat (got many good pictures).   Flycatcher, Eastern Phoebe or others.  Yellow-crowned Night Heron.  Barn Swallow.
A lot of Catbirds, Robins, Carpenter Bees & Eastern Tent Caterpillars (look the same as the one on 5/30/2015).
Yellow Warbler.  Waterthrush.  Warblers, others (female Yellow-rumped?).  Towhee.  Swan, esp. a family with six baby swans.  Shorebirds (a probably Solitary Sandpiper).  Brant.  Canada Geese.  Tree Swallow.  Laughing and other Gulls.  Wren.  Osprey.  Double-crested Cormorant.  Oystercatcher (2).  Grackle.  Finch.  Mockingbird.  RWBB.  Starling.  Mourning Dove.  Cardinal.  Rock Dove.  House Sparrow.

    Common Yellowthroat - <1> 
    Solitary Sandpiper -
    Tree Swallow -
    Warblers -
    Plant - hdr
    Evening sister Tam 100th birthday banquet: fb  Google Photo

(1) THE PROPER NAME FOR A BABY SWAN: Adult swans typically nest in pairs, rather than in colonies, and don’t necessarily mate for life. According to the University of Michigan Animal Diversity Web, mute swans have been seen with up to four different mates and have also been known to leave one mate and pair up with another. Pairs do remain together throughout the breeding season, but may switch partners the following year. Together they build a nest that can be as large as 6 feet across where they will hatch as many as nine babies.
Family Life: The male swan, called the cob, helps the female, known as a pen, to look after their babies, called cygnets until they are a year old. The young don’t spend more than one day in the nest once they hatch. If the pen is still brooding eggs, the cob will take care of any cygnets that have already hatched, leading them directly to the water. Though they can swim from birth, cygnets may sometimes ride on the backs of their parents or take shelter under their wings until they are old enough to strike out on their own.

(2) Eastern tent caterpillar wiki: The tents act as miniature greenhouses, trapping the heat of the morning sun and allowing the caterpillars to warm more quickly than they would if they remained outside. An aggregation of basking caterpillars can achieve temperatures in excess (Tbody−Tambient) of 44 °C. They easily overheat, so the aggregation splits up when they reach a satisfactory temperature.

(3) Eastern Tent Caterpillar (Malacosoma americanum): The only predators in JBWR are the 2 species of Cuckoos.
(4) Bird Notes:

[Breeding call of Black-billed Cuckoo]

Cuckoos perch quietly and scan their surroundings for food. Hairy tent caterpillars, shunned by most birds, are often on their meal ticket. So, if you have an infestation of tent caterpillars, you might see one of these slender brown and white birds with long, white-spotted tails.

[Breeding call of Yellow-billed Cuckoo]

The cuckoo plucks a caterpillar from its tent and manipulates it back and forth in its bill, taking off many of the bothersome hairs. But some of them remain, and cuckoo stomachs are sometimes lined with these hairs. When the hairs are dense enough to prevent digestion, the entire stomach lining is cast off and regurgitated. Nature finds surprising ways to deal with problems!

(5) When Caterpillars Move In, the Yellow-Billed Cuckoo Feasts (May 13, 2016, NY Times) By DAVE TAFT - Any self-respecting yellow-billed cuckoo would like its prospects this year. The sticky, webby bivouacs of Eastern tent caterpillars festoon virtually every black cherry tree in sight, and the caterpillars have chewed the poor plants virtually leafless. Caterpillars are a mainstay of the yellow-billed’s diet. 
The yellow-billed cuckoo and its close cousin, the black-billed cuckoo, arrive at the height of bird migration — right about now in New York City — and remain in numbers through the end of June. In my experience, they are most active in the early-morning hours, and they frequent woodland edges and clearings. To see one, or at least to hear one, plan a trip to any buggy woodland soon after sunrise in the next few weeks. Van Cortlandt Park in the Bronx and Cunningham Park in Queens are especially good places for these secretive birds, but the Ramble in Central Park and even the North Garden at Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge can also host cuckoos in season.

(6) Moths of Eastern Tent Caterpillars have no mouth parts.  As a result, the adults live only a few days.  Just long enough to find a mate and lay the eggs that will hatch next year. [DAVE TAFT].
(7). Birds that eat forest tent caterpillars  (mirror) :
- Blue jays are known to eat forest tent caterpillars. ... I need sources that I can quote.
- having a list of nine birds for you, and I just now discovered that there are over 60 species of birds that enjoy a meal of tent caterpillars for dinner!
- "Other known predators include frogs, mice, skunks and over 60 species of birds (Witter and Kuhlman 1972). Bird predation of late-instar and pupal stage forest tent caterpillars has recently been demonstrated to cause overwhelming mortality of populations at all densities in an artificial setting, and is hypothesized as the principle regulator of low density populations between outbreaks (Parry et al. 1997)." University of Florida Department of Entomology and Nematology
- Forest tent caterpillar, Malacosoma disstria, Hübner 1820 ( 
 1) White-breasted nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis) - <1>   <2>
 2) Black-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus erythropthalmus) - <1>
 3) Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus) - <1>   <2>   <3>
 4) Bay-breasted Warbler (Dendroica castanea) - <1>
 5) Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)  - <1>
 6) Mockingbirds (Mimus polyglottos)  - <1>
- American Tent Caterpillar = Eastern Tent Caterpillar (Malacosoma americanum):
 7) Blue Jays (Cyanocitta cristata)  - <1>
 8) Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica virens virens)
 9) Black-Capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)
- More: 
 "The bears can and do eat up to 25,192 forest tent caterpillars in a twenty-four hour period." 
 10) Agelaius and Brewer Blackbirds (Ezqhagus cyanocephaks) 
 11) Red-Winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)
 12) Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Zamelodia ludoviciana)
 13) Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator)
 14) Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes vespertinus)
 15) American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)
 16) Ring-billed gulls (Larus delawarensis)
 17) Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus)
 18) Yellow Warbler (Dendroica petechia)
 19) Cedar Waxwing
 20) Pine Siskin (Carduelis pinus)
- Not a scholarly link - "Songbirds eagerly probe the bark of trees and gobble up as many tent caterpillar eggs as they can find. Among the most helpful egg hunters are bluebirds, blue jays, tufted titmice, and chickadees. Black and yellow-billed cuckoos, Baltimore orioles, redwing blackbirds, phoebes, red-eyed vireos, robins, and downy woodpeckers will eat the caterpillars, too."

(8) Tent Caterpillars are for the Birds  -
There are two species of springtime tent caterpillars in northern Michigan: eastern tent caterpillars (Malacosoma americanum) and forest tent caterpillars (Malacosoma disstria), ... someone asked whether any birds will eat these pesky insects. Tom answered that severely declining populations of black-billed and yellow-billed cuckoos in particular are crazy about them. According to research conducted at the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station 60 birds species have been documented to eat tent caterpillars including cuckoos, orioles, jays, chickadees and nuthatches. This same study also found that tent caterpillar outbreaks are controlled by native predators and parasites including 127 insect parasites, 28 insect predators, frogs, mice, bats, reptiles, squirrels, skunks, and bears. By sifting through one day’s worth of bear poop (fun job) researchers found that a single bear on average ate around 25,000 caterpillars in a one day. 

(9) Ranger  Ryan (2016): Birds can only eat them [Eastern Tent Caterpillar] when they are very young, after a few weeks they become too hairy to be swallowed.

5/7/2016 (Sat) am / late pm.
Queens Farm Museum / Kissena (Corridor) Park

Queens Farm Museum:  Killdeers (2).
Kissena Corridor:  Met a lady birder showing me the sound of ovenbird.  She heard it there.
Kissena Park: 

    Robin eating worm -
    Killdeer -
    Mourning Dove in flight -
    Small White butterfly -

Hempstead Lake State Park - Robert Adamo 

Not surprisingly , all the Swallows were first seen over water, with Bank,
Tree, Cliff and Barn feeding over the South Pond, while N.Rough-winged was
encountered over MacDonald's Pond. We then were reluctant to leave this
location in case a Purple Martin decided to show up, and I even had the
idea to offer a $6.00 bonus for the first person to find one...but I
chickened out ! In addition to the Bank and Cliff Swallows, Great Crested
Flycatcher, E.Kingbird and Ovenbird were FOY species for me.   src

4/30/2016 (Sat) 7-10am.

Yellow Warbler FOS. Yellow-rumped Warbler.  Towhee FOS.  Catbird, first of Season at JBWR.  Snowy Egret.  Wren singing/calling, many.  Goose families (7 / 3 / 1 gosling(s)).   Tree swallow chases away calling wren. Common Grackle.  Boat-tailed Grackle.  Coot.  Ruddy Duck.  Cormorant. Swan. etc.

The Problem:  House Wrens may destroy eggs and young of other 
If you have placed nest boxes for Tree Swallows or bluebirds near shrubs, edges of 
woods, or hedgerows, sooner or later you're apt to hear a loud bubbly song coming 
from a rather plain-colored brown bird with a stubby tail and long, sharp-pointed bill.  A
House Wren has discovered your boxes.  (If you aren't sure what a House Wren 
sounds like, click 
here to view a YouTube video of one in action). 

Like Tree Swallows and bluebirds, House Wrens are cavity-nesters that can't make 
their own cavities, and though tiny in size House Wrens have developed effective 
methods for competing with larger species for these crucial resources, methods that 
can mean big trouble for Tree Swallows and bluebirds.  If House Wrens have indeed 
discovered your boxes you will need to decide whether to remove the boxes or not.

House Wrens tend to migrate north later than Tree Swallows and bluebirds, often 
arriving on the scene when the swallows and bluebirds are already building nests or 
have eggs or small nestlings.  If the swallows and bluebirds are lucky the wrens will 
find unoccupied cavities in or near the shrubby tangles they prefer, and leave the 
other species' nests alone.  However, if the swallow or bluebird nests are themselves 
anywhere near shrubby tangles they may be in danger of destruction or takeover by 
the wrens.  

Classic signs of House Wren depredation include coarse twigs, typical of wren nests, 
placed on top of existing swallow or bluebird nests, eggs with smallish two-holed 
punctures found in the nest, or punctured eggs or small dead swallow or bluebird 
nestlings on the ground beneath the nest box. src

4/23/2016 (Sat) am
Nickerson Beach (880 Lido Blvd, Lido Beach, NY 11561) / Lido Beach Passive Nature Preserve / Oceanside

Nickerson Beach:  Oystercatchers, a lot.  Shorebirds, a lot, mostly probably Sanderlings.  Gulls.
Lido: Boat-tailed Grackles, a lot. Tree Swallows, a lot. Greater Yellowlegs (2).  A Canada Goose is sitting and neighboring geese acts in high alert so it is probably incubating eggs.
Oceanside: Peregrine Falcon (4 eggs). Osprey (2 eggs until 4/14). Tree Swallow (a lot).

Best route from home to Nickerson: Get on Grand Central Pkwy.  Take Cross Island Pkwy, Southern State Pkwy.  Take exit 22S toward Jones Beach/New York M S. Merge onto Meadowbrook State Pkwy S.  Take exit M10 for Loop Parkway. Take the exit toward Long Beach (to Lido Blvd in Lido Beach) from Loop Parkway.  Follow Lido Blvd to the destination. 
In fact, go to Oceanside first, then to Nickerson.  Not much different in distance, I think, but taking longer time.
4/22/2016 (Fri) around 12:30pm.
the park at the AT&T Long Lines Building (at 33 Thomas Street) near NYSIF office

Catbird, FOS.

4/17/2016 (Sun) 7-9am.

Wren singing.  Oystercatcher (a pair).  Yellow-rumped Warbler.  Little Blue Heron (2).  Snowy Egret.  Great Egret.  Butterfly.

    Tree Swallow -  crop-1  hdr-1

4/16/2016 (Sat) am / pm after Dim Sum, sunny
Breezy Point ($60 parking fine) / Kissena Park

Breezy Point: Oystercatcher, FOS.  Piping Plover (1).  Cowbird, male.  Common Grackle.  Yellow-rumped Warbler.  Butterfly.
Kissena Park: 

    Oystercatcher -
    Fisherman's Parking Area Sign

 (1) Mar 15 or after, go to Breezy Point early morning, leaving before 9 or 9:30am.  My ticket was given after 10am.  Or get the one day pass for birding.

4/7-14/2016 (Thu-Thu)
Akumal and Puerto Morelos, Mexico

    Green Sea Turtle - fb   fb-pic 
    Winnie's Album - fb  Google Photo  
    Parroquia Catolica de San Jose, a small church at town square of Puerto Morelos - HDR (Preset: Painterly 2)

4/2/2016 (Sat) am, departing from home at sunrise.

Wren singing.  Tree Swallow (many).  Boat-tailed Grackle (a flock of females and many males).  Osprey couple.  Cowbird (many males and females).  Junco (a couple).

    Cowbird - female-1

4/2/2016 (Sat) pm
Valhalla, Westchester - 墓園墳場掃墓祭祖

    Raven (or crow?) taking off - HDR, w800 (fb)

Note:  Common Raven: 渡鸦学名Corvus corax)- C. c. principalis:出沒於北美洲北部及格陵蘭。牠們有着很大的體型及最大的喙,羽毛有強烈的光澤,頸羽則很豐滿。

3/26-27/2016 (Sat-Sun)
Lancaster, PA

Dead Brown Thrasher.  Photo Album

Causes of Bird Mortality (2003): First, it should be stated that the single most significant threat to bird populations is habitat destruction ... The various causes of mortality outlined below kill individual birds directly ...
Collisions :
   Window strikes – estimated to kill 97 to 976 million birds/year – Millions of houses and buildings, with their billions of windows, pose a significant threat to birds. Birds see the natural habitat mirrored in the glass and fly directly into the window, causing injury and, in 50% or more of the cases, death.
Predation :
   Hunting – as a point of reference the carefully-managed annual waterfowl hunt kills about 15 million birds a year in North America. This, of course, is balanced by extensive and well-funded management and conservation efforts so hunting is not a threat to the population of any North American bird, and conservation efforts led by hunters have been hugely beneficial to many species in addition to the ones being hunted.
   Domestic and Feral Cats – may kill 500 million birds per year or more. More information can be found at The American Bird Conservancy. Predators, of course, account for the vast majority of bird deaths each year, and most of this predation is natural. Domestic cats are not natural predators, but kill many birds. It is worth noting that house cats have been blamed for the extinction of two species of small mammals in the southeastern United States, and feral cats continue to be a huge problem where they have been introduced on many oceanic islands.
2. (more updated):

The ‘impacts’ paper on the below web page estimates mortality of birds due to cat predation to be one billion.

Collision mortality updates:

Up to one billion birds are killed by collisions with glass in the United States every year.

4/23 or later
Oceanside / Lido Beach / Nickerson Beach (early morning or after 7pm)

3/19/2016 (Sat) am
Crocheron Park (Golden Pond, John Golden Park section, etc.),  Queens County Farm Museum

Crocheron: Common Grackle (a small flock, FOS).  One with a white face (albino or leucistic or else?).
Farm Museum: Killdeer (2, FOS).  Cowbird (a few females and a male, FOS).  Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (male, probably FOS).

   Yellow-bellied Sapsucker -  <1> 
   Mourning Dove -  <1> 
   Common Grackle

3/6/2016 (Sun) pm
Kissena (Corridor) Park

Bufflehead, look like a female.  This winter I really have seen the most species of ducks, 11 species in a winter.  How about 2011-12 winter?  12 species.
11 species: Redhead.  American Wigeon.  Gadwall.  Ruddy Duck.  Bufflehead.  Green-winged Teal.  Hooded Merganser.  Ring-necked Duck.  Shoveler.  Mallard.  American Black Duck.
12 species in 2011-12 winter: Ring-necked Duck.  Greater or Lesser Scaup (1/8/2012).   Red-breasted Merganser (1/8/2012).  White-winged Scoter (1/8/2012).  Bufflehead (1/8/2012).  Shoveler.  Mallard.  American Black Duck.  Hooded Merganser.  Green-winged Teal (1/28/2012).  Ruddy Duck.  Long-tailed Duck (2/18/2012).  [Common Loons too but they are not ducks.]
Pheasant, male (1).  Song Sparrow singing.

   Bufflehead -  <1>   <2>   <3>   <4a>   <4b>
3/5/2016 (Sat) 驚蟄 pm, sunny then become cloudy, 40+ F
Kissena Park / Baisley Pond Park (wiki)

Kissena: Robins are back, quite a lot; FOS; eating earthworms. Earthworms move upward as soon as the average temperatures of the ground reaches about 36 degrees. src
Baisley Pond Park: a flock of Mourning Dove, FOS.  No hawk.

   American Robin -

三候 -



Bird Call Video - 34 birds
2/27/2016 (Sat) am, cold / pm after Dim Sum, sunny
Baisley Pond Park (wiki) / Kissena Park

My 5th Duck Day.
RWBB, many males calling.
Kissena: RWBB too, the famous conk-la-ree! of the males.
When will see Common Grackle (FOS record: 3/21/2015, 3/8/2014)?  Somebody saw 3 at Central Park already today (ebird).
And Catbird (FOS record in NYC: 5/9/2015)?

   American Wigeon -  <1>  
   Mockingbird -  <1>  
   RWBB - 
2/20/2016 (Sat) am, 50F feel like 45F
Baisley Pond Park (wiki) -

My 4th Duck Day.
RWBB, male (1), FOS calling; last year & 2014: 3/8.  Gadwalls stealing food from Coots.  Same old friends.

   Ring-necked Duck, taking off - <1>   <2>  
   Rock Dove - male of courting attempt 1 (inflating its iridescent chest)
   Redhead -  <1>
   Gadwall -
   Gull - flying-1   standing-1
   Coot -
   Mockingbird -
   Shoveler -

   Gadwalls stealing food from Coots

(1)   Gadwalls are well-known for stealing food (kleptoparasitism) from American Coots . They eat the same kinds of food (submerged aquatic vegetation), Gadwalls are almost a third bigger than coots and the two species often feed together in mixed flocks so being the bullies on the block, Gadwalls can't resist taking advantage of the situation.  src
(2)   The Rock Dove is the wild ancestor of the common town pigeon. The Feral Pigeon genes have been diluted by domestic breeding for homing/racing/message carrying/fancy plumage and other traits and the feral escapees and hybrids now common worldwide, particularly in cities, come in various patterns and colors. True Rock Doves, also called Rock Pigeons, are increasingly rare as wild pigeons hybridize with feral and pure Rock Doves are usually on rocky offshore outposts away from human settlements (in UK, mostly off Scotland). The Rock Dove looks like a pale grey pigeon with iridescent green and purple neck and two black wing bars. It has a smaller cere 蠟 (white on nostrils), bright red feet, a white patch on upper rump and pale grey lower rump.  src
2/14/2016 (Sun) Record-setting Temperatures:
In New York City, the low temperature had fallen to a daily record low of 1 degree below zero as of 7:00 a.m. EST. This is the coldest reading at Central Park since Jan. 27, 1994, or more than two decades.  src

Central Park NYC
Sunday February 14, 2016
OBS: Robert DeCandido, Deborah & others on bird walk
Double-crested Cormorant - Reservoir
Red-tailed Hawk - Great Lawn (also first-winter bird eating a sparrow-sized bird at Willow Rock before the walk)
Ring-billed Gull - Reservoir
Red-bellied Woodpecker - several
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker - maple north of the Source of the Gill & near Boathouse
Downy Woodpecker - several
Northern Flicker - Great Lawn
Black-capped Chickadee - 2
Tufted Titmouse - 3
White-breasted Nuthatch - 7
Ruby-crowned Kinglet - feeders
American Robin - not many
Gray Catbird - just north of the Gill
Song Sparrow - Boathouse before walk
House Finch - feeders & feeding in hemlock near Boathouse
American Goldfinch - feeders & feeding in hemlock near Boathouse

Glad to see the kinglet and catbird survived the night.

Catbird wintering in Bennington, Vermont.--
Early in December, 1941, Mrs. Stella Higgins telephoned me that she had a Catbird coming to her feeding station. Although doubting the report, as soon as I had an opportunity I visited her place. Sure enough, there was the Catbird. It seemed hale and hearty. From that time until February 15, 1942, the bird was a daily visitor to the feeding station. I saw it many times. Mrs. Higgins said that its visiting hours were usually about the middle of the morning, between one and two in the afternoon, and just before dusk. An effort was made to locate the place where it spent the night, but without success.
Late in the afternoon of February 15 it came to the feeding station as was its wont. It seemed as active and alert as ever. While Mrs. Higgins was watching it feed, it suddenly flew up from the ground to a height of five or six feet, and dropped back dead. We, being uncertain as to the cause of death, sent the body to the Museum of Comparative Zoo1ogy at Harvard College.
Mr. James L. Peters's report was this: "It was a male in good condition, not overly fat, but with some adipose tissue. No sign of old injury. Death was probably due to a blow on the back of the skull. Though the skull itself was not injured, there was a hole in the skin below and to the right of the occiput, and a small amount of intercranial hemorrhage. The bird might have been attacked by a shrike, or hit something in flying up. Anyway death was due to injury and not to weather conditions or starvation."   src

火鏡藏蒼鷺 火猴送金羊

1/30/2016 (Sat) am
Baisley Pond Park (wiki) - more than half of the pond surface is frozen.

My 3rd Duck Day. 
Baisley: No Pied-billed Grebe is found.  Same old friends, inc. Downy or Hairy Woodpecker. 
Fox Sparrow is again seen and taken pictures.

   Fox Sparrow - <1>
   Redhead - 
   American Wigeon -
   Gadwall - <1>
   Woodpecker -
   Crow - <1>

I N F O:

1/22/2016 (Fri) - 1/24/2016 (Sun)
wait for the first major winter storm coming.  Winter storm Jonas can be up to one foot snow.  And issued blizzard warning (BLIZZARD WARNING IN EFFECT FROM 4 AM SATURDAY TO NOON EST SUNDAY, Northern Queens, New York).






Updated: Jan 23 2:45AM (Northern Queens, New York)
Will Winter Storm Jonas Rank Among the Biggest East Coast Snowstorms in Living Memory?

Winter Storm Jonas Rivals Biggest East Coast Snowstorms on Record (Jan 24 02:15 AM EST):
"All-time snowfall records have been set at Baltimore; Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; and JFK Airport in New York City. Winter Storm Jonas is the first snowstorm on record to bring 2 feet or more of snow to both Baltimore and New York City. Parts of the greater Washington, D.C. area also saw over 2 feet of snow"

Here are the top snow and ice totals by state reported as of 2:14 a.m. Sunday, with the highest snow totals listed first:

Mid-Atlantic and Northeast (Friday-Saturday)

Washington, D.C.

1) 28.0 inches (Jan. 27-29, 1922)
2) 20 inches (Feb. 12-14, 1899)
3) 19.4* inches (Winter Storm Jonas)
4) 18.7 inches (Feb. 18-19, 1979)
5) 17.8 inches (Feb. 5-6, 2010)

*An earlier snowfall report of 21.4 inches was retracted and it may be a while before the final snowfall total is clarified.

Baltimore, Maryland

1) 29.2 inches (Winter Storm Jonas)
2) 26.8 inches (Feb. 16-18, 2003)
3) 26.6 inches (Jan. 7-9, 1996)
4) 26.5 inches (Jan. 27-29, 1922)
5) 25 inches (Feb. 5-6, 2010)

New York City at Central Park

1) 26.9 inches (Feb. 11-12, 2006)
2) 26.8 inches (Winter Storm Jonas)  Revised to 27.5 - The new storm total of 27.5 inches now beats New York City's previous record snowstorm of 26.9 inches Feb. 11-12, 2006. Weather records have been taken at Central Park since 1869.
3) 25.8 inches (Dec. 26-27, 1947)
4) 20.9 inches (Feb. 25-26, 2010)
5) 20.5 inches (Jan. 7-9, 1996)

Weekend storm is second on list of five snowiest blizzards in NYC history — just short of the record

1. FEBRUARY 2006

New York City's biggest snowfall on record hit on Feb. 11, 2006, dumping 26.9 inches of powder on the city over two days. 

2. JANUARY 2016

Forecasts predicting a crippling blizzard warned New Yorkers nearly a week in advance before the storm finally dumped a record 26.8 inches of powder on New York City.

3. DECEMBER 1947

The second(?) largest blizzard killed at least 77 people when it stuck on Dec. 26, 1947. The paralyzing storm lasted for two days and dropped 25.8 inches on Central Park.

4. MARCH 1888

A four-day blizzard that hit late in the winter of 1888 threw the city into chaos and killed more than 200 people in New York City. The March 11-14 storm brought 21 inches of snow to the city ...

5. FEBRUARY 2010

A fierce “snowicane” ripped through New York City on Feb. 25, 2010, bringing 20.9 inches of snow with it.

Where Jonas Was the All-Time Heaviest Snowstorm

Jonas was the single biggest snowstorm on record for at least six locations in the East:

1/16/2016 (Sat) am / pm after Dim Sum
Baisley Pond Park (wiki) / Kissena Park

My 2nd Duck Day. 
Baisley: No Pied-billed Grebe is found.  Other than the species last week, I see Herring Gull, Red-tailed Hawk, Crow, Great Blue Heron, & Ring-necked Duck. 
Fox Sparrow is also seen and taken pictures; which also seen at the same place (the locked Mother Carter Garden) last week.  It is not Hermit Thrush or Wood Thrush. 

   Fox Sparrow - <1>
   Herring Gull
   Ring-billed Gull - <1>   <2>
   Red-tailed Hawk
   Great Blue Heron
   Redhead -  <1>
   American Wigeon - 1-female

   Fox Sparrow:
   (1) Since they breed primarily in remote areas, many people see them in winter when the birds move into backyard thickets.
1/9/2016 (Sat) am / pm
Baisley Pond Park (wiki) / Kissena Park

My Duck Day - Redheads, American Wigeons, Gadwall(s), Ruddy Ducks, Shovelers, Mallards & a white Domestic Duck.  American Black Duck?
Coots.  Canada Geese.  Mute Swans.  Ring-billed Gulls.  Great Black-backed Gull (1).  Downy or Hairy Woodpeckers (at least 3 times including on the way to Dim Sum).  Rock Doves, a lot of each which body looks like a big ball.

   Redhead -  <1>
   American Wigeon -
   Gadwall - <1> (with a Coot)   <2>
   Shoveler -
   Ruddy Duck -
   Mallard x Am. Black Duck Hybrid - <1>   <2>   <3>
   Coot - and-others-1   cropped-1

 - Feb 2015 - (next time, I should try to look for: Pied-billed Grebe, Herring Gull, Ring-necked Duck)
 - BAISLEY BOULEVARD and St. Alban's, Part 1
1/2/2016 (Sat) pm
Kissena Park

Shoveler (a pair).

1/1/2016 (Fri) am
Kissena (Corridor) Park

Robin, quite a lot; probably wintering here.  Cardinal.  White-crowned (or -throated?) Sparrow.

   Starling -  <1>